A fuel filter in a car is a simple device designed to remove various contaminants from the fuel system. It is essential to prevent the rust particles, moisture, and debris in the fuel and to ensure the precision parts of the fuel system from wear and other damage.
1. What is a fuel filter?
In general, a fuel filter can be a metal or plastic with a filtration element. Fuel at first from the gas tank enters the fuel filter and then comes out to be clean, so as to be ready to be used in the modern combustion engine.
With the development of internal combustion engines, fuel filters are also designed differently. The early filters were small plastic can because there was no need for a high-strength device as fuel passed through the filter under low pressure. Nowadays, due to the introduction of direct-injected engines, fuel filters are designed stronger to withstand the high-pressure levels in the fuel system. The industry uses better materials to manufacture the outside shell and the more robust filtration media. The whole filter can shield from the situation of excessive pressure by special relief valves.
2. Fuel filter types
3. What does a fuel filter do?
- Engine wear
- Blocking of the fuel injector nozzles and carburetor systems
- Reduction of the engine’s performance
- Excessive smoke coming out of the exhaust/Bad fuel economy
- Engine start or performance issues
- Abrasive particles
- Particles and organic growths
- Moisture/Water in the fuel
- Water in diesel
- Wax crystallization in the diesel fuels in low temperatures
- Wearing of the high-precision injector nozzles
- Clogging of engine parts
- Inefficient combustion of fuel
- Incomplete burning of fuel in the engine
- Wearing of the engine
- Losing fuel’s lubrication properties
- The delivery of excessive fuel
- Fuel starvation in the cylinders
- High emissions
- Increasing friction in the moving parts of the engine
Construction- How doe fuel filter work?
Fuel is sent from the tank to the engine by suction generated by the feed pump. The fuel pump is located in this circuit. The fuel passes through the inlet of the filter, into the filter case, and then through the filter medium, in which foreign matter is removed.
4.When is it time to replace the fuel filter
As time goes by, the fuel filter in your car will be dirty and clogged. When it becomes a bad fuel filter, you have to replace a new one. Maybe someone would clean it in an attempt to fix it. That’s not the most effective way. As most fuel filters are affordable and can be used for a long time, installing a new one is a great idea. But when is it time to replace the fuel filter?
Usually, once your car has used for around 2 years or runs from 20,000 miles to 40,000miles, you have to consider replacing a new fuel filter. The specific time that how often you have to replace the fuel filter depends on your car. You can check your owner’s manual on filter replacement intervals.
Otherwise, when your fuel filter is not in good working order, you also have to consider replacing the fuel filter. There below are 7 signs showing that your fuel filter may not be in good condition:
- The engine sputters or stops altogether
- The engine does not run/start
- Idling is rough
- Low power
- Poor mileage
- Check Engine Light comes on often or all the time
- The vehicle does not stay cranked
The direct way to know if it’s time to change a new one is to ask a mechanic to check it. A mechanic is able to conduct a fuel-pressure test, which can reveal how much PSI the fuel pump is creating at the fuel rail. It is expected that the amount of pressure in a regular fuel-injected vehicle is between 30 to 60 PSI. If the amount is lower than these mentioned above, that means it’s time to replace your fuel filter.
5.Why should I replace the fuel filter
Some contaminates get into your gas tank and the fuel filter stopped them from entering the engine so as to prevent engine damage. But as time goes by, the fuel filter will be clogged by the debris and limit the fuel flow, resulting in your car running poorly. Changing fuel filters is part of regular maintenance. The service life of the pump can be extended by replacing the fuel filter to keep the fuel system running properly. The dirt in the fuel is trapped by the filter, which over time can clog up, leading to a loss of efficiency. Clogged filters reduce the pressure and capacity of the fuel system.
Bad results of using failed fuel filters
A fuel filter is a system that is fitted somewhere in the fuel line, or at times in the fuel tank, whose role is to let the fuel pass through its pleated permeable material, but block the dirt particles. Now understand why replacing of fuel filter is important. Because over a period of time, the filter material becomes dirty and less permeable, thus restricting the flow of the fuel to through the engine and you can face the following problems.
Lack of Engine Power
A dirty fuel filter can cause a lack of engine power in all the gears, which can be due to a lack of fuel getting to the engine. It forces the engine to go into limp mode.
Extra fuel needed for a vehicle to accelerate, may not be available if a filter is blocking it. If a filter is clogged with debris, it will often cause the filter to limit the flow of fuel passing through it, thus resulting in improper acceleration. A fuel pressure test is required to conclusively arrive at the fault; the same may also be caused due to a faulty sensor or a fuel leak.
Engine Misfire or Spark
This happens when the filter is completely clogged. Modern vehicles now use very little fuel when idle. Engine misfires though happen because of faulty ignition coils, bad spark plugs, failing engine issues such as bad camshaft sensor, mass airflow sensor, or even a bad sensor.
Benefits of replacing your vehicle’s fuel filter
Replacing a fuel filter has a lot of advantages.
The fuel filter makes sure that clean fuel enters the engine and it enables the fuel delivery system to supply the right amount of fuel as required, as a result, boosting the power of the engine.
The fuel filter prevents dust which could otherwise get into the engine and damage the cylinders, pistons, and other components that will result in the need for costly repairs. Replacing these filters prevents such issues and ensures a longer engine life.
Clean fuel filters result in higher performance of the engine. Proper maintenance and replacement of the fuel filter as recommended by the manufacturer can help boost the performance of your vehicle by 2% to 4%.
Better Fuel Efficiency
Replacing the fuel filter with a new replacement makes sure of removing the contaminants from the fuel and also ensures the right amount of flow of fuel going to the engine.
Vehicle emissions are harmful. Replacing the fuel filter will lead to an appropriate flow of fuel and air to the engine. This economizes fuel consumption and decreases emissions.
ProtectingFuel Injectors and Fuel Pumps from Contaminants
Clean fuel is essential for optimal performance of the engine of your vehicle. When the fuel filter does not function properly, it could lead to harmful effects on the fuel pump and the injectors because of the contaminants in the fuel.
6.Bad fuel filter symptoms
When the fuel filter becomes excessively dirty, it becomes a bad fuel filter or a failed fuel filter. That means the fuel filter can no longer filter out contaminants efficiently and even restrict the fuel flow. In general, bad fuel filters may lead to the following symptoms.
#1 Hard Starting of Vehicles
Because of the restriction of the fuel flow caused by the failing fuel filter, the vehicle has the possibility of being hard to start. But unless totally blocked, rarely will a bad fuel filter keep your engine from starting. If the fuel filter has never been replaced, the faulty fuel filter will cause erratic fuel flow, leading to longer cranking before the engine starts.
#2 Poor Engine Performance
Several engine problems as below will occur if the fuel filter is severely dirty or clogged.
Misfires or Hesitation or Rough Idle
As the debris clog the fuel filter and deplete the fuel entering the engine, the engine tends to randomly hesitate or misfire, especially when the vehicle is accelerating. Moreover, because the amounts of fuel through the filter into the engine are different, the engine might shake or stutter at different speeds.
If a clogged fuel filter is left untreated for too long, it may eventually cause the engine to stall because the ideal fuel flow is reduced. The congestion increases and the fuel delivery becomes more dispersed, the stalling becomes excessive or worsens during acceleration. The extra pressure and heavy load may also cause the engine to stall.
Decrease in Power and Acceleration
A dirty fuel filter can cause an overall lack of engine power. The engine’s computer will eventually limit output to protect the engine from potentially harmful particles. The vehicle may be sluggish, even go into limp mode, and illuminate the check engine light.
#3 Check Engine Light Comes On
Problems with the fuel filter can also cause the check engine light to come on. The fuel pressure sensors in some cars can monitor the pressure of the overall fuel system. Clogged fuel filters can cause low pressure that results in a lean fuel condition and engine misfire. And if detected by sensors, low pressure will activate check engine lights to alert drivers. Check engine lights can be triggered by a variety of problems, so it is highly recommended that the computer be scanned for trouble codes.
#4 Fuel System Part Failures – Damaged Fuel Pump
A noisy, damaged, or faulty fuel pump may be caused by a restricted fuel filter. Clogged fuel filters prevent the right amount of fuel from reaching the engine. The fuel pump will attempt to compensate for a broken fuel filter, putting undue pressure on the fuel pump motor, thus causing the pump to fail prematurely.
Contaminants passing through dirty fuel filters can damage, clog, or cause fuel injector leaks, leading to various types of engine drivability problems. Unless it fails completely, replacing a dirty fuel filter and repairing or flushing the injector should get you back on the road at a minimal cost.
7. Bad fuel filter causes
Problems that occur when the fuel filter is replaced irregularly
The function of the fuel filter is to filter impurities in the fuel, but after a long period of use, the inside of the fuel filter may be blocked by impurities and affect the fuel supply, resulting in reduced fuel supply and difficulty in starting the engine. In addition, prolonged blockage of the fuel filter can cause premature damage to the gasoline pump.
Consequences of using an unqualified inferior fuel filter
Inferior fuel filters are made of poor materials and poor filtering effects. Long-term use of the internal filter element may cause blockage of the oil circuit, resulting in insufficient fuel pressure and the vehicle cannot start. At the same time, it will cause abnormal fuel system pressure, which will directly lead to insufficient engine power or insufficient combustion, and damage valuable components such as the three-way catalyst and oxygen sensor.
8.Fuel filter removal and installation: How to change fuel filter?
Fuel filters play a vital role in the engine’s operation and service life, ensuring that no contaminants and particulate matter, such as rust and dirt, enter the fuel system. Most fuel filters are enclosed in an external steel casing with an internal paper filter, similar to the design of your car’s air filter.
Your car’s engine is sputtering, stalling, or indecisive. After a thorough inspection, you have determined that the fuel filter screwed up. Thus you may want to replace it.
Changing the fuel filter isn’t as complicated as it seems, although, like most DIY maintenance efforts, following the right steps is critical to your success and safety. To make it easier, we have a guide to change the car’s fuel filter.
There are three main parts to replace your car’s fuel filter:
- Relieving the Pressure in the Fuel System & Expelling Fuel
- Removing the Old Fuel Filter
- Mounting a New Fuel Filter
Fuel Filter Replacement Tips
- Only replace your fuel filter when the engine is cold.
- Wear eye protection and disposable gloves.
- Work in a well-ventilated area. Changing a fuel filter releases flammable fumes and a small amount of fuel.
- Depending on the location of your vehicle’s fuel filter, you may need to use jack stands for easy access. Use your vehicle handbook to identify the most suitable position for your jack.
Know more details on fuel filter guide – how to change the fuel filter.